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MAGICC has over a 20 year history and was brought to life by Tom Wigley and Sarah Raper, largely during their time at the Climate Research Unit at the University of Norwich. Much recent development by Tom Wigley took place at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, USA. There, Malte Meinshausen joined the team and co-developed the most recent MAGICC version. Furthermore, numerous collaborators and users help to expand the code and report bugs, thereby providing an invaluable contribution to the ongoing development of MAGICC. Particular thanks are due to the international model intercomparison efforts of various kinds, which provide the vital database for parameterizing and calibrating various climate change, gas cycle and carbon cycle uncertainties. Without those, the MAGICC model, or any other reduced-complexity modelling approach, would lack the data for calibration and therefore its basis to estimate future climate change and its uncertainties.

The MAGICC Developers

Dr. Tom Wigley
Dr. Tom Wigley - is senior scientist in the Climate and Global Dynamics Division at NCAR in Boulder, USA and has been named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for his major contributions to climate and carbon-cycle modeling and to climate data analysis. He has now returned to the University of Adelaide, Australia, where he received his doctorate as a mathematical physicist. Tom is one of the world's foremost experts on climate change and one of the most highly cited scientists in the discipline.

Dr. Sarah Raper
Dr. Sarah Raper - is Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Air Transport and the Environment at Manchester Metropolitan University. Sarah is a climate modeller, specializing in mountain glaciers, sea level rise, emulation of AOGCM climate models and, of course, the co-development of MAGICC. Sarah has an extensive involvement in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), having been a lead author of the projections chapter of the IPCC 3rd and 4th Assessment Reports. Sarah's home page.

Dr. Malte Meinshausen
Dr. Malte Meinshausen - is Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne and Senior Researcher at the Potsdam Institiute for Climate Impact Research, Germany. Earlier he held a post-doctoral position at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. He is a contributing author to various chapters in the Fourth and Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4/AR5). Malte's home page.

Acknowledgements and key contributors

Many people helped in various ways in the development of MAGICC over the past 20 years, namely M. Salmon, M. Schlesinger, M. Hulme, T. Osborn, S. McGinnis and many more. We would like to warmly thank all those contributors and collaborators for making MAGICC possible. A special thanks to Dan Sandiford for making this WIKI possible.

The web-interface to MAGICC6 on

As a recent development, MAGICC6 was equipped with a web-interface, accessible via The programmer behind this effort is Antonius Golly, member of the PIK Research Group PRIMAP. Without him, this website would not be possible.